NGMN Paper on 5G End-to-end Architecture Framework
Since communicating an initial set of Architecture Principles to 3GPP TSG WG2 in November 2016 the NGMN Requirements and Architecture (P1) E2E Architecture Framework group has developed their End-to-end Architecture Framework document further. Given the relative timescales of the project and of SA2’s work item for the 5G Architecture - Phase 1 it has been decided to share an interim version of the NGMN Architecture Framework document in order for SA2 to become aware of the additional principles agreed thus far, and to see the full scope of the activity.
NGMN Contribution to 3GPP on Service Based Architecture
NGMN operators believe that a Service-Based Architecture (SBA), characterized by modularized services and lightweight interaction protocols, is suitable for a 5G architectural framework. The SBA approach provides a variety of benefits for the 5G architectural framework, e.g. flexible and adaptable network capabilities, faster development cycles, updates, and a dynamic discovery and launch of services on demand in the network. NGMN acknowledges that 3GPP is working on the normative phase of a Service-Based architecture for 5G, with an emphasis on the control plane for the R15 time-frame. NGMN operators kindly recommend that 3GPP takes NGMN operators’ requirements into account and defines the 5G baseline architecture using the SBA approach. NGMN operators expect that SA2 will develop the SBA approach for the 5G system in Release 15 and continue to enhance the SBA approach beyond Release 15. Furthermore NGMN operators kindly request CT3/CT4 to work on the appropriate protocol design for the Service-Based Interfaces in Release 15.
NGMN Submission to US Department of Transportation during NPRM Process
In this document sections, the NGMN V2X Task-Force team has outlined its feedback on the "Notice of Proposed Rule Making of US Department of Transportation / NHTSA". This feedback provides information on elements of NHTSA’s proposed rules that are supported by NGMN as well as improvements and changes to other elements of the proposed rules. As elaborated in the following sections, the NGMN V2X Task Force recommends USDOT be technology neutral in the rule making as cellular technologies beginning with 3GPP Release 14 could offer a technical and market-driven solution with a clear evolution path. We view this capability as a technology option that could be deployed well within the deployment horizon envisioned in NHTSA’s proposal and also be compatible with 5G as that deployment matures. This solution appears preferable by many measures including better technical performance, improved cost-efficiencies, and its flexibility to adapt to a variety of business models.
5G Network and Service Management including Orchestration
This document describes requirements for 5G Network and Service Management including Orchestration. The Document includes requirements covering all potential parts of future networks, i.e., fixed-, mobile-, cloud, virtualized technologies from a Network and Service Management including Orchestration perspective.
Liaison Statement from NGMN Alliance to 3GPP on Test of Technology Building Blocks phase of the Trial and Testing Initiative
NGMN Trial and Test Initiative / Test of Technology Building Block work has led to identify a set of building blocks as promising candidates for 5G NR (New Radio) Phase 1 standardization and/or implementation activity. This set can be found in the attached document which was sent to 3GPP via a liaison letter.
Annex: NGMN IPR Forum Recommendations to Improve SEP Declarations
With reference to IPR, NGMN is developing recommendations and an implementation strategy supporting a more transparent and predictable IPR eco-system for 5G Standards Essential Patents (SEP) across industries that will support sustainable implementation of 5G technologies and ensure that innovation is stimulated and innovators appropriately rewarded. One of the business objectives is to make 5G accessible for all types of devices from high-end smartphones and tablets down to low-end MTC (Machine Type Communication) devices such as smoke detectors and sensors. In support of this objective, the IP licensing terms and conditions for 5G market should be fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory so as to enable sustainable and successful mass deployment of any 5G service or Product Type including MTC devices to support the Internet of Things (IoT). One of the objectives is to improve the transparency of 5G Standard Essential Patent (SEP) Disclosures. In order to achieve this objective, NGMN is requesting Standards Developing Organizations working on 5G technologies to consider the recommendations in the enclosed Annex relating to the disclosure and licensing of patents and patent applications (collectively, “Patents”) as potentially essential to a standard. NGMN is continuing to improve the recommendations and may come up with further updates.
Recommendation on Base Station Antenna Standards (V10.0)
This whitepaper addresses the performance criteria of base station antennas, by making recommendations on standards for electrical and mechanical parameters, by providing guidance on measurement and calculation practices in performance validation and production, and by recommending methods for electronic data exchange. It also addresses recommendations on applying existing environmental and reliability standards to BSAs.
NGMN 5G Spectrum White Paper
Since the publication of the original NGMN 5G white paper in February 2015 the international 5G spectrum debate has advanced considerably, including the decisions taken at the WRC-15 on the bands for IMT that will be decided at the WRC-19 conference as well as global progress on 5G system developments and trials. This white paper builds on the spectrum discussion in the original NGMN 5G White paper published in 2015 and sets out updated information on spectrum requirements and plans in relation to realization of 5G in key markets around the world.
4.3-10 RF Connector Migration Strategies
The NGMN 4.3-10 connector taskforce team worked out a 4.3-10 connector migration proposal for radio unit, antenna and antenna line devices, including migration scenarios and corresponding cable configuration strategies, and End of Life (EoL) proposal for the 7-16 connector, which will be stated in this white paper. This NGMN white paper serves as a guideline for 4.3-10 connector migration, which is expected to lead to less installation efforts, fewer site visits, less CAPEX and OPEX, and better planning for all involved parties.
Architecture Principles agreed by NGMN P1-End-to-End Architecture Framework project
Since June 2016 the NGMN Requirements and Architecture E2E Architecture Framework group has been developing content for its E2E Architecture Framework. The initial stage is to discuss and agree on architecture principles which an E2E framework can be developed from.
5G Security - Mobile Edge Computing / Low Latency / Consistent User Experience
This document focuses on Mobile Edge Computing, Low Latency and Consistent User Experience. Mobile Edge Computing and Low Latency allow providing new type services. The NGMN 5G Security group studied the security threats, frauds and vulnerabilities that such concepts could introduce in 5G and provide security recommendations to mitigate them.
Update to NGMN Description of Network Slicing Concept
This document describes further details of Network Slicing including the Network slicing concept and definitions.